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People as Resource (9th)



Assertion and Reason


In the question given below, there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and chose the correct option:


1. Assertion (A): A firm will not like to employ an ill healthy worker.

Reason (R): An Unhealthy worker is a liability rather than an asset for an organisation.


a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

c) A is correct but R is wrong.

d) A is wrong but R is correct.


2. Assertion (A): The quality of the population improves and becomes a great liability.

Reason (R): The investment is made in the form of education, training and medical care.


a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

c) A is correct but R is wrong.

d) A is wrong but R is correct.


Correct the following statement and rewrite:


1. Labour as Resource is a way of referring to a country’s working people in terms of their existing productive skills and abilities.


2. The illiterate and unhealthy populations are an asset to the economy.


3. Employment is said to exist when people who are willing to work at the going wages cannot find jobs.


Read the source given below and answer the questions that follow:


Education contributes to the growth of society also. It enhances the national income, cultural richness and increases the efficiency of governance. There is a provision made for providing universal access, retention and quality in elementary education with a special emphasis on girls. There is also an establishment of pace-setting of schools like Navodaya Vidyalaya in each district. Vocational streams have been developed to equip large number of high school students with occupations related to knowledge and skills. Literacy is not only a right, it is also needed if the citizens are to perform their duties and enjoy their rights properly. Sarva Siksha Abhiyan is a significant step towards providing elementary education to all children in the age group of 6–14 years by 2010. It is a time-bound initiative of the Central government, in partnership with the States, the local government and the community for achieving the goal of universalisation of elementary education. Along with it, bridge courses and back to school camps have been initiated to increase the enrolment in elementary education. A mid-day meal scheme has been implemented to encourage attendance and retention of children and improve their nutritional status. These policies could add to the literate population of India. The 12th plan endeavoured to raise the country's Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in higher education in the age group of 18 to 23 years to 25.2% by 2017–18 and to reach the target of 30% by 2020–21, which would be broadly in line with world average. The strategy focuses on increasing access, quality, adoption of state-specific curriculum modification, vocationalisation and networking on the use of information technology. The plan also focuses on distance education, convergence of formal, non-formal, distance and IT education institutions. Over the past 50 years, there has been a significant growth in the number of university and institutions of higher learning in specialised areas.


Answer the following MCQs by choosing the most appropriate option:


i. Sarva Siksha Abhiyan: Elementary education ; Mid-day meal scheme: (?)

a. Distance education

b. Retention in secondary education

c. Attendance and retention of children

d. Networking on the use of information technology


ii. Which of the following is irrelevant regarding the 12th plan?


a. Focuses on distant education, convergence of formal, non-formal and IT education.

b. Focuses on increasing access, quality, adoption of state-specific curriculum modification.

c. Focuses on providing elementary education to all children in the age group of 6–14 years.

d. Focuses on vocationalisation and networking on the use of information technology.


iii. The scheme for the establishment of residential schools to impart education to talented children from rural areas is


a. Kendriya Vidyalayas

b. Navodaya Vidyalayas

c. Sarva Siksha Abhiyan

d. Back to school camps


iv. ________ is offered and the use of IT is being maximized to attain the goal of education.


a. State-specific curriculum

b. Vocational course

c. Elementary education

d. All of the above

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