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Updated: Mar 21, 2021

Gandhiji's Views on Conservation of Resources:

  1. Resources should be used only for meeting one's needs

  2. Resources are scarce due to greed of individuals and use of modern technology

  3. Replace mass production with production by masses

  4. He used to say ,"There is enough for everybody's need and not for anybody's greed".

Land Resources:

Distribution of Land Resources in India

  • 43% is plain area

  • 30% is mountainous area

  • 27% is plateau area

Land Utilization

a) Forests

b) Land not available for cultivation

  • Barren and waste land

  • Land used for non-agricultural activities

c) Other uncultivated land

  • Permanent pasture land

  • Land under tree crops groves

  • Culturable waste land

d) Fallow lands

  • Current fallow land

  • other than the current fallow land

Land Use pattern in India

  • Forests-lower than 33% of geographical area

  • Land under permanent pasture has decreased

  • According to the National Forest Policy(1952) desired forest area is 33% of geographical area, which is essential for maintenance of ecological balance in India.

  • Net Sown Area in India is about 54%

  • Waste land includes rocky, arid and desert areas

  • Non-agricultural land includes settlements roads, railways, industry etc.

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