Updated: Sep 8, 2020
Why do we need constitution?
Constitution is the supreme law that determines the relationship between people and government
Constitution tells how the rulers are to be chosen in future
Rules written in constitution determines what the elected governments are empowered to do and what they cannot do .
It lays down certain principles and guidelines that ensures all rights and equality for people
Problems faced by India during making of constitution
The partition of India was the traumatic experience for all the Indians
Partition was on the basis of religious differences
The makers of the constitution had anxieties about the present and the future of the country
The Britishers left the decision on princely states that whether they wanted to merge with India or Pakistan
Making a constitution for a huge and diverse country like India was a difficult task
Inspiration from other countries
Our leaders were inspired by the ideals of French revolution
Practice of parliamentary democracy in Britain
The bill of rights in US
Socialist revolution in Russia
The constitution was drafted by assembly of elected representatives called constituent assembly .
Elections were held on july 1946 as the country was divided into India and Pakistan
The constituent assembly was also divided .Constituent assembly had 389 members before partition
The assembly that wrote the Indian constitution had 299 members .
Constitution was adopted on 26 november 1949 and came to effect on 26 January 1950
The members deliberated for 114 days spread over 3 years
Why our constitution is still accepted by the people?
Constituent assembly represented the people of India
The constitution does not reflect the views of its members alone but broad consensus of it's time
It ensured a fair geographical share of members from all the regions of the country
Assembly represented members from different language groups, castes,classes, religions and occupations.
Assembly worked in a systematic,open and consensual manner.
What are constituent assembly debates ?
Every document presented and every word spoken in constituent Assembly has been recorded and preserved.
When printed ,these are 12 bulky volumes
They provide rational behind every provision of the constitution
Guiding values of Indian Constitution
Philosophy of the constitution is the most fundamental principles underlying the guiding values of it.
Preamble is an introduction to the constitution which contains the ideas and basic principal of the Indian constitution.
THE CONSTITUTION BEGINS WITH A SHORT STATEMENT OF ITS BASIC VALUES. THIS IS CALLED THE PREAMBLE TO THE CONSTITUTION
We, the People of India
Sovereign (no outside power can dictate Indian governemnt)
Socialist (equal distribution of resources in society)
Secular (all religions are equal)
Democratic (People have equal political rights)
Republic (head of the state is an elected person)
Justice (no discrimination on the basis of caste, gender etc.)
Equality (before the law)
Fraternity (behave like members of the same family)
THOSE WHO CRAFTED THE INDIAN FELT THAT IT HAS TO BE ACCORDANCE WITH PEOPLE ' S ASPIRATIONS AND CHANGES IN THE SOCIETY
There is provision to incorporate changes from time to time these changes are called constitutional amendments