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1) Match the following:

(a) Belgium

​(i) Speaks Dutch

(b) Flemish

​(ii) Brussels

​(c) Sri-lanka

​(iii) Speaks french

(d) Wallonia

(iv) Colombo

2) Match the following:


(a) Power-sharing among different organs of government

(i) Community government

(b) Power-sharing among government at different levels.

(ii) Separation of power

(c) Power-sharing by different social groups.

(iii) Coalition government

(d) Power-sharing by two or more political parties.

(iv) Federal government

3) Match the following:


(a) Power-sharing

(i) Brussels

(b) Capital of Belgium

(ii) Distributions of powers in different levels

​(c) Civil war

(iii) French and Dutch

(d) Two languages of Belgium

(iv) A violent conflict between peoples of the country

4)

Arrange the following in the correct sequence:

  1. Several political organisations were formed demanding an independent Tamil Eelam (state) in northern and eastern parts of Sri Lanka.

  2. The distrust between the two communities turned into widespread conflict. It soon turned into a Civil War.

  3. An Act was passed to recognise Sinhala as the only official language, thus disregarding Tamil.

  4. Sri Lanka emerged as an independent country.

a) iv, i, iii, ii

b) i, ii, iii, iv

c) iv, iii, i, ii

d) iv, iii, ii, i


5) Assertion (A): Community government in Belgium is elected by one language community. Reason (R): Community government helped in resolving conflict between different linguistic groups.

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

c) A is true but R is false.

d) A is false but R is true.


6) Assertion (A): In a democracy, everyone has a voice in the shaping of public policies. Reason (R): India has a federal system.

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

c) A is true but R is false.

d) A is false but R is true.


7) Assertion (A): In Nigeria finance ministers of various states got together and acted as a pressure group for the federal government. Reason (R): In Democracy, pressure groups can control or influence those in power.

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

c) A is true but R is false.

d) A is false but R is true.


8) Assertion (A): In a democracy, everyone has a voice in the shaping of public policies. Reason (R): People rule themselves through institutions of self-government.

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

c) A is true but R is false.

d) A is false but R is true.


9) Assertion (A): Power-sharing is a good way to ensure the stability of political order. Reason (R): Imposing the will of the majority community over others may look like an attractive option.

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

c) A is true but R is false.

d) A is false but R is true.


10) Assertion (A): Power is horizontally distributed among different organs of government. Reason (R): Power is shared at different levels of government.

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

c) A is true but R is false.

d) A is false but R is true.


11) Assertion (A): Stability is the prudential reason for power-sharing. Reason (R): The very act of power-sharing is valuable.

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

c) A is true but R is false.

d) A is false but R is true.


12) Assertion (A): There was a feeling of alienation among Sri Lankan Tamils. Reason (R): The Sri Lankan government denied them equal political rights and discriminated against them in getting jobs and other opportunities.

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

c) A is true but R is false.

d) A is false but R is true.


13) Assertion (A): A coalition government is an example of power-sharing. Reason (R): It is a kind of direct power-sharing as two or more parties form an alliance to contest elections.

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

c) A is true but R is false.

d) A is false but R is true.


14) Assertion (A): It was believed that all power of a government must reside in one person or group of persons located in one place. Reason (R): People believed that monarchy was the best form of government.

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

c) A is true but R is false.

d) A is false but R is true.


15) Assertion (A): In a democracy, interest groups have a share in governmental power. Reason (R): They represent different ideologies.

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

c) A is true but R is false.

d) A is false but R is true.


16) Assertion (A): Power Sharing is good. Reason (R): It leads to ethical tension.

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

c) A is true but R is false.

d) A is false but R is true.


17) Assertion (A): Sinhala was recognized as the only official language of Sri Lanka. Reason (R): The government of Sri Lanka wanted to establish the supremacy of the Sinhala community.

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

b) Both A and R are true but R s not the correct explanation of A.

c) A is true but R is false.

d) A is false but R is true.


18) Assertion (A): Horizontal distribution of power is called a system of checks and balances. Reason (R): Power can be shared among governments at different levels like union, state and local levels of government.

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

c) A is true but R is false.

d) A is false but R is true.


19)Assertion (A): The judiciary keeps a check on the executive and legislature. Reason (R): The executive appoints the judges.

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

c)A is true but R is false.

d)A is false but R is true.


20) Assertion (A): Ethnicity is about shared culture. Reason (R): People belonging to the same ethnic group have the same religion or nationality.

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

b) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.

c) A is true but R is false.

d) A is false but R is true.




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